AskDefine | Define cream

Dictionary Definition

cream

Noun

1 the best people or things in a group; "the cream of England's young men were killed in the Great War" [syn: pick]
2 the part of milk containing the butterfat
3 toiletry consisting of any of various substances resembling cream that have a soothing and moisturizing effect when applied to the skin [syn: ointment, emollient]

Verb

1 make creamy by beating; "Cream the butter"
2 put on cream, as on one's face or body; "She creams her face every night"
3 remove from the surface; "skim cream from the surface of milk" [syn: skim, skim off, cream off]
4 add cream to one's coffee, for example

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From cresme (modern: crème), blend of chrisma "ointment" (from chrisma "unguent"), and cramum "cream", perhaps from . Replaced ream. Borrowed again from in the 1800s, as creme. Figurative sense of "most excellent element or part" appears from 1581. Verb meaning "to beat, thrash, wreck" is 1929, U.S. colloquial.

Pronunciation

Alternative spellings

Noun

  1. The oily part of milk which rises to the top.
    Follow the recipe and add the heavy cream next.
  2. A yellowish white colour; the colour of cream.
    cream colour:   
  3. The best part of something.
    The cream of the crop.
  4. An ointment or salve for the skin.
    You look really sunburnt; you'd better put on some cream soon.
  5. In the context of "vulgar|slang": Semen.
    • 2001, Darwin Porter, Hollywood’s Silent Closet: The Lusty Saga of America’s First Star F*#%er!! (novel),] Blood Moon Productions, Ltd., ISBN 0-9668030-2-7, page 155,
      He rode me for ten—or was it fifteen?—minutes before one final fuckthrust that filled me completely with his cream.
    • 2003, Dominique Adair, “Two Days, Three Nights” in Tied with a Bow,[http://books.google.com/books?id=UwSA6Ay3doMC Ellora’s Cave Publishing, ISBN 1843607433, page 74,
      He tucked his cock into his pants before rubbing his cream into her breasts in slow, teasing strokes.
    • 2004, Art Wiederhold, Wild Flowers,] iUniverse, ISBN 0595317898, page 158,
      When he did come, he spurted his cream all over the front of Rosalee’s T-shirt and neck.

Translations

oily part of milk
  • Albanian: ajkë, kajmak
  • Arabic:
  • Chinese: 奶油 (nǎiyóu)
  • Croatian: kajmak
  • Czech: smetana
  • Danish: fløde
  • Dutch: room
  • Esperanto: kremo
  • Estonian: koor
  • Finnish: kerma
  • French: crème
  • German: Sahne, Obers (Austria), Rahm
  • Hebrew: שמנת
  • Hungarian: tejszín
  • Indonesian: kepala susu
  • Italian: panna
  • Japanese: (kurīmu)
  • Mongolian: цөцгий (tsötsgii)
  • Northern Sami: lákca
  • Norwegian: fløte
  • Old English: ream
  • Persian: سرشیر
  • Polish: śmietana
  • Portuguese: creme, nata
  • Romanian: smântână
  • Russian: сливки
  • Serbian: smetana , skorup
  • Slovene: smetana
  • Spanish: nata, crema
  • Swedish: grädde
  • Telugu: మీగడ (meegaDa) (1)
  • Turkish: kaymak
  • Ukrainian: сметана, вершки, крем
colour
the best part
  • Danish: creme
  • Dutch: crème de la crème
  • Finnish: kerma
  • French: crème de la crème, fleur
  • German: Creme, Kreme
  • Hebrew: קצפת
  • Portuguese: creme, nata
  • Slovene: smetana
  • Spanish: la flor y la crema , la crema
  • Swedish: grädda
  • Ukrainian: сметана, вершки
product to apply to the skin
  • Czech: krém
  • Danish: creme
  • Dutch: crème, zalf
  • Finnish: voide
  • French: crème, onguent
  • German: Creme, Kreme
  • Hebrew: קרם
  • Japanese: クリーム (kurīmu)
  • Polish: krem
  • Portuguese: creme
  • Slovene: krema
  • Spanish: crema
  • Swedish: kräm , hudkräm
  • Ukrainian: мазь, масть, крем, мастило, помада
vulgar slang

Adjective

  1. Cream-coloured; having a yellowish white colour.

Translations

colour

Verb

  1. To puree, to blend with a liquifying process.
    Cream the vegetables with the olive oil, flour, salt and water mixture.
  2. To turn into a yellowish white colour; to give something the color of cream.
  3. To obliterate, to win over someone else quite decisively.
    We creamed the opposing team!
  4. In the context of "vulgar|slang": To ejaculate.

Translations

to cream vegetables
to turn yellowish white
  • Finnish: kalveta
to obliterate, to win over someone else quite decisively

Romanian

Pronunciation

[kreˈam|lang=ro

Verb

cream

Extensive Definition

otherusesof Cream Cream (from Greek chrisma, literally "an anointing") is a dairy product that is composed of the higher-butterfat layer skimmed from the top of milk before homogenization. In un-homogenized milk, over time, the lighter fat rises to the top. In the industrial production of cream this process is accelerated by using centrifuges called "separators". In many countries, cream is sold in several grades depending on total butterfat content. Cream can be dried to a powder for shipment to distant markets.
Cream produced by cows (particularly Jersey cattle) grazing on natural pasture often contains some natural carotenoid pigments derived from the plants they eat; this gives the cream a slight yellow tone, hence the name of the yellowish-white colour cream. Cream from cows fed indoors, on grain or grain-based pellets, is white.

Types of cream

In the United States, cream is usually sold as:
  • Half and half (10.5–18% fat)
  • Light, coffee, or table cream (18–30% fat)
  • Medium cream (25% fat)
  • Whipping or light whipping cream (30–36% fat)
  • Heavy whipping cream (36% or more)
  • Extra-heavy or manufacturer's cream (38–40% or more), generally not available at retail except at some warehouse stores.
Not all grades are defined by all jurisdictions, and the exact fat content ranges vary. The above figures are based on the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 21, Part 131 http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/CFRSearch.cfm?CFRPart=131http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/waisidx_05/21cfr131_05.html and a small sample of state regulations.
In the United Kingdom, the types of cream are legally defined as follows:

Other cream products

Butter is made by churning cream to separate apart the butterfat and whey. This can be done by hand or by machine.
Whipped cream is made by whisking or mixing air into cream with more than 30% fat, to turn the liquid cream into a soft solid. Nitrous oxide may also be used to make whipped cream.
Sour cream, common in the U.S., is cream (18% or more milk fat) that has been subjected to a bacterial culture that produces lactic acid (0.5%+), which sours and thickens it. Crème fraîche is a heavy cream (30-40% milk fat) slightly soured with bacterial culture, but not as sour or as thick as American sour cream. Mexican crema (or cream espesa) is similar to crème fraîche. Kysana smetana is a Central and Eastern European sour cream.
Clotted cream, common in the United Kingdom, is cream that has been slowly heated to dry and thicken it, producing a very high-fat (55%) product. This is similar to Indian malai.

Cream as an ingredient

Cream is used as an ingredient in many foods, including ice cream, many sauces, soups, and some custard bases, and is also used for cakes. Irish cream is an alcoholic liqueur which blends cream with whiskey and coffee. Cream is also used in curries such as masala dishes.
Cream (usually light cream/half-and-half/Single Cream) is often added to coffee.
For cooking purposes, both single and double cream can be used in cooking, although the former can separate when heated, usually if there is a high acid content. Most UK chefs always use double cream or full-fat crème fraîche when cream is added to a hot sauce, to prevent any problem with it separating or "splitting". In sweet and savoury custards such as those found in flan fillings, crème brûlées and crème caramels, both types of cream are called for in different recipes depending on how rich a result is called for. It is useful to note that double cream can also be thinned down with water to make an approximation of single cream if necessary.

Other foods called "cream"

Some foods or even cosmetics may be labeled cream but not because they are made with cream, but because they make claim to the consistency or richness of cream. In some locations labeling restrictions prevent the use of the word cream to describe such products, so variations such as creme, kreme, creame, or whipped topping may be found.

Notes

References

See also

cream in Arabic: قشطة الحليب
cream in Danish: Fløde
cream in German: Sahne
cream in Spanish: Crema de leche
cream in Esperanto: Laktokremo
cream in French: Crème fouettée
cream in Ido: Kremo
cream in Icelandic: Rjómi
cream in Italian: Panna
cream in Hebrew: שמנת
cream in Dutch: Room
cream in Japanese: クリーム (食品)
cream in Norwegian: Fløte
cream in Polish: Śmietanka
cream in Portuguese: Nata
cream in Romanian: Smântână
cream in Russian: Сливки
cream in Simple English: Cream
cream in Finnish: Kerma
cream in Swedish: Grädde
cream in Turkish: Krem
cream in Chinese: 奶油

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abstergent, aerate, alabaster, alabastrine, albescent, albumen, aristocracy, aureate, auric, balm, balsam, barons, batter, beat, beat up, beige, blank, blast, bonnyclabber, bowl down, brilliantine, buff, buff-yellow, bulldoze, butter, buttermilk, canary, canary-yellow, cathartic, cerate, certified milk, champion, cheese, choice, chosen, chrism, churn, citron, citron-yellow, clabber, cleaner, cleaning agent, cleaning solvent, cleanser, cleansing cream, clobber, clot, coagulate, cold cream, colloid, colloidize, collyrium, condensed milk, cornstarch, creamy, curd, curdle, dairy products, defeat utterly, demulcent, dentifrice, depurant, detergent, diuretic, dough, drub, dun-white, ecru, egg white, eggshell, elect, elite, embrocation, emetic, emollient, emulsify, emulsionize, enema, establishment, eye-lotion, eyewash, face cream, fair, fallow, fat, flaxen, flower, foam, froth, gaum, gel, gelatin, ghee, gilded, gilt, glair, glaucescent, glaucous, glop, glue, gluten, gold, gold-colored, golden, goo, gook, goop, gray-white, gruel, gumbo, gunk, half-and-half, hand lotion, heavy cream, holystone, incrassate, inspissate, inunction, inunctum, ivory, ivory-white, jam, jell, jellify, jelly, lambaste, lanolin, lather, lemon, lemon-yellow, lenitive, lick, light, light cream, lint-white, loblolly, lopper, lords of creation, lotion, luteolous, lutescent, mantle, margarine, milk, molasses, mouthwash, mucilage, mucus, nard, nauseant, nobility, nonesuch, nonfat dry milk, nonpareil, ocherish, ocherous, ochery, ochreous, ochroid, ochrous, ochry, off-white, ointment, oleo, oleomargarine, optimum, or, overbear, overlapping, overwhelm, pale, pap, paragon, paste, pearl, pearly, pearly-white, pick, pomade, pomatum, porridge, power elite, power structure, pride, prime, primrose, primrose-colored, primrose-yellow, prize, pudding, pulp, pumice stone, puree, purgative, purge, purifier, putty, queen, quintessence, raw milk, rinse, rob, ruling circles, ruling class, saffron, saffron-colored, saffron-yellow, sallow, salve, sand-colored, sandy, schmear, scum, select, semifluid, semiliquid, shampoo, shellac, shut out, size, skim milk, skunk, smear, snow under, soap, solvent, soothing syrup, soup, sour cream, spikenard, spume, starch, steamroller, sticky mess, straw, straw-colored, sud, suds, superlative, synthetic detergent, syrup, the best, the best ever, the best people, the brass, the tops, the very best, thicken, tooth powder, toothpaste, top, top people, treacle, unction, unguent, unguentum, upper class, upper crust, wash, whelm, whey, whip, whipping cream, whisk, whitewash, whitish, whity, whomp, whop, xanthic, xanthous, yellow, yellowish, yogurt
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